Created by the team of Neurosurgery of the Gaslini Institute, reduces infectious complications to 1% and leads to recovery from hydrocephalus in 80% of cases, reducing to a minimum the discomfort and pain perceived by the newborn.
It was presented for the first time this morning, during the International Congress on the diagnosis and advanced treatment in Europe for premature babies ( One day on intraventricular haemorrhage of preterm babies ) at the International Center for Studies and Training (Cisef) of the ‘Gaslini Institute of Genoa, a new technique for the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage in extremely premature babies (weight less than 1500 grams).
The system presented today, already successfully used on 87 patients, required several years of progressive measures to optimize technique, materials and dimensions. The technique developed by the team of the Operative Unit of Neurosurgery of the Gaslini Institute, directed by Armando Cama, is based on a miniaturized system composed of a mini screw (15 mm) called “newborn skull miniscrew” applicable to the skull in transient but for long periods, which has the characteristic of being perfectly watertight.
«Thanks to this system it is possible to gradually cleanse the hemorrhagic brain fluid (and at the same time normalize the intracranial pressure) – explains Professor Cama – thus protecting the brain from further risks in an absolutely isolated way from the acute and sterile»
“The survival of preterm births weighing less than 1000 g compared to only ten years ago has seen enormous progress and is now around 50%, leading to a parallel increase in intraventricular hemorrhage that occurs in 40% of cases”, explains Luca Ramenghi director of the Gaslini Neonatal Pathology and Intensive Care Unit. The effects of this lesion can be very heavy: in the acute phase, brain substance (venous infarction) can also be lost, in other cases, post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus may form »concludes Ramenghi.